Northern Valley Beacon

News, notes, and observations from the James River Valley in northern South Dakota with special attention to reviewing the performance of the media--old and new. E-Mail to

Saturday, May 16, 2020

Some of your neighbors say your death doesn't matter? Are they terrorists?

Could be terrorists.
For many years I have belonged to an internet discussion group which analyzes current events.  It is a closed group which doesn't allow the stupid and the malicious to be part of its discussions.  Its members are knowledgeable people who like to exchange information and test ideas with other people of education and intelligence.  I remember how prescient a discussion was when some members predicted that O. J. Simpson would receive a not guilty verdict in his murder trial.  Their reasoning was that the trial had been moved to a venue where the jurors lived in neighborhoods with minorities who were abused by the police and mistrusted them.  If the defense introduced any evidence that the police work could be doubted, Simpson would go free, said some discussants.  Such evidence was introduced. To the jurors the actions of police against minority people was a fact of life they had witnessed, so the evidence raised far more than reasonable doubt.  The jurors declared O. J. Simpson not guilty.

The current discussion is about the protests against the quarantine measures meant to limit and eventually control the coronavirus pandemic.  At this writing, more than 1.4 million Americans have caught the disease and more than 87,000 have been killed.  All states have laws which allow, sometimes require, officials to impose a quarantine when highly infectious and lethal diseases sweep through communities.  The question raised in the discussion is about those who protest the quarantine measures.   Can they and will they be held liable if their resistance to quarantine facilitates the spread of the virus.  If their behavior can be shown to directly contribute to someone being infected with the disease, can they be held civilly or criminally responsible? Could they be sued or criminally charged in the case of death?

Some of the contributors to the discussion are people with knowledge of and experience with the law and courts.  They have discussed the destruction caused  by the disease and the ensuing economic hardships it is causing.  Some of those who are protesting the shutting down of the country to control the spread of the coronavirus are claiming that the quarantine is a suspension of their rights and is a violation of the Constitution.  Some have gone so far as to argue that preventing the deaths of people should not be allowed to interfere with their personal liberty.  In the Internet site for The Federalist, some have made these arguments:
Imagine for a moment that the nation were ruled by dictatorship of doctors…”
Is it right for the nation to require our children’s futures be destroyed to keep alive less than 1 percent of our population until the next flu season?”
It seems harsh to ask whether the nation might be better off letting a few hundred thousand people die.”
So the barbaric, panicky elevation of mere life as the only good worth conserving is becoming increasingly shameful.” 
Is death the worst thing that could happen to you?”
However, some of my correspondents on the discussion board point out that those who make those arguments haven't read the whole Constitution.   In particular, the protesters who claim their Constitutional rights  are violated cannot seem to understand that they are violating the rights of others by jeopardizing their lives, as referenced by the 14th Amendment:

  • All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
One of the correspondents says those who are interfering with attempts to protect the public from the coronavirus, particularly those who are asserting their protests with the presence of firearms, could be regarded as domestic terrorists.  He cites the U.S. law:
(a) Offense Against a National of the United States or Within the United States.—A person who, without lawful authority, uses, threatens, or attempts or conspires to use, a weapon of mass destruction
(5) the term “domestic terrorism” means activities that—
(A) involve acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State;
(B) appear to be intended—
(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
(ii) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion; or
(iii) to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction, assassination, or kidnapping; and
(C) occur primarily within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States;
A weapon of mass destruction includes this definition:
"...any micro-organism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any naturally occurring or bioengineered component of any such microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or biological product, capable of causing death, disease, or other biological malfunction in a human, an animal, a plant, or another living organism; deterioration of food, water, equipment, supplies, or material of any kind or deleterious alteration of the environment."
Most states have laws which provide the authority of the state to take measures to protect the public from health hazards and to deal with those who interfere.  In South Dakota, the authority is specified:
   34-22-14.   Enforcement of regulations for control of communicable diseases. The department has the authority to provide for the enforcement of regulations for the control and eradication of communicable diseases through isolation, prevention, and treatment
People who interfere with such measures are also defined:
 34-16-1.   Act endangering public health as misdemeanor. Every person who intentionally commits any act which grossly endangers the public health is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
For anyone who facilitates the spread of disease germs, the act is even more serious:
34-16-2.   Release of disease germs as felony. Any person who releases or spreads any disease germs intending thereby to accomplish the infection of one or more persons or domestic animals is guilty of a Class 2 felony. 

This law refers to the intentional release of germs by somebody, but the correspondent who cites it points out that any efforts to prevent the spread of germs could be regarded as intentional.

A number of laws could be applied to those who dismiss the threat posed by the coronavirus:
21-10-1.   Acts and omissions constituting nuisances. A nuisance consists in unlawfully doing an act, or omitting to perform a duty, which act or omission either:          
(1)      Annoys, injures, or endangers the comfort, repose, health, or safety of others;  (2)      Offends decency;             (3)      Unlawfully interferes with, obstructs, or tends to obstruct, or renders dangerous for passage, any lake or navigable river, bay, stream, canal, or basin, or any public park, square, street, or highway;             (4)      In any way renders other persons insecure in life, or in the use of property.   

 22-8-12.   Act of terrorism--Felony. Any person who commits a crime of violence, as defined by subdivision 22-1-2(9), or an act dangerous to human life involving any use of chemical, biological, or radioactive material, or any explosive or destructive device, with the intent to do any of the following:
             (1)      Intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
             (2)      Influence the policy or conduct of any government or nation;
             (3)      Affect the conduct of any government or nation by assassination or kidnaping; or
             (4)      Substantially impair or interrupt public communications, public transportation, common carriers, public utilities, or other public services; is guilty of an act of terrorism. A violation of this section is a Class C felony.
  22-8-13.   Terrorist threat--Felony. Any person who threatens to commit a crime of violence, as defined by subdivision 22-1-2(9), or an act dangerous to human life involving any use of chemical, biological, or radioactive material, or any explosive or destructive device, with the intent to:
             (1)      Intimidate or coerce a civilian population;
             (2)      Influence the policy or conduct of any government or nation;
             (3)      Affect the conduct of any government or nation; or
             (4)      Substantially impair or interrupt public communications, public transportation, common carriers, public utilities, or other public services;
is guilty of making a terrorist threat. A violation of this section is a Class 5 felony.
  34-16-18.   Remedies against nuisances and interference with private rights unimpaired. Nothing contained in this chapter shall be so construed as to affect the powers of the courts to administer the usual legal and equitable remedies in case of nuisances or of improper interference with private rights.

     34-22-5.   Exposure of self or others to communicable disease as misdemeanor. Each person who intentionally exposes himself or herself or another person infected with any communicable disease in any public place, except in the person's necessary removal from a public place in a manner not dangerous to the public health, is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.
  34A-6-96.   Unlawful release of infectious waste in fourth degree. A person is guilty of unlawful release of infectious waste in the fourth degree if the person with criminal negligence, engages in conduct which causes the release to the environment of infectious waste. Unlawful release of infectious waste in the fourth degree is a Class 1 misdemeanor. 
22-11-1.   Resisting execution or service of process. Any person who resists the execution or service of any legal process is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.

34-22-18.   Refusal to accept diagnosis or treatment or to follow directives as misdemeanor. Any person in the state reasonably suspected of having active tuberculosis, middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), smallpox, or viral hemorrhagic fevers, or any disease or condition which is the subject of a declared public health emergency pursuant to § 34-22-42, shall accept necessary diagnosis or treatment, or both. Any person who intentionally refuses to accept the diagnosis or treatment, or both, or who fails to follow the reasonable and necessary directives of the department issued for the protection of other persons, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
There is quite an array of laws which might apply to those who protest and resist efforts to keep you safe from the coronavirus.  But the major point that comes out of the protests is the way that they dismiss your right to measures for protecting you from a disease with disabling effects and your right to life.  As one commenter took up the situation, a portion of the public perceives the implementation of quarantine measures as a direct denial of their rights to pursue their livelihoods.  Instead of approaching government officials with a recognition of the obligations the officials have to respond to the laws requiring mitigation efforts against the virus and to engage in a reasoned dialogue about how to reconcile control measures with the need to make a living.  As a Washington Post article points out, ",,, the choice between saving lives and saving the economy, the latter of which Trump has endorsed implicitly, is a false one:"
"The dangers of reopening without disease control — or a coronavirus vaccine or therapeutic breakthrough — are illustrated by events at the Smithfield Foods meatpacking plant in Sioux Falls, S.D. Smithfield offered workers a bonus if they showed up every day in April. Normally, bonus pay would increase attendance. But in a pandemic, encouraging the sick to haul themselves into work can be disastrous. The plan backfired. Hundreds of Smithfield employees were infected, forcing the plant to shut down for more than three weeks. If we stay the current course, we risk repeating the same mistake across the whole economy."
Those who protest the legal measures to protect people from the virus are flouting your Constitutional right to life and the rights and responsibilities of the state to attempt to preserve it.     A physician on the discussion board expressed his exasperation in treating the coronavirus.  As no treatments or vaccines have yet emerged to combat the disease, he suggested that a triage be applied to hospital admissions which sorted out patients who defied the restrictive measures from those who are unwilling victims to provide the latter with more intensive medical attention.  He suggested that people who think other people's lives don't matter should live or die according to the moral choices they make.  

The discussion centered on the ignorance and stupidity of the protesters and the moral responsibility we have to people who do not have the mental capacity or moral character to engage in responsible conduct, who, in fact, as the comments from The Federalist show, are opposed to the moral precepts  expressed in the Constitution and the Christian religion they often claim.

The consensus was that the pandemic has further defined the divide in America.   As one political scholar put it, the divide is not political in the sense that it is between people who advocate differing policies and political philosophies.  It is a divide between the intelligent, the knowledgeable and the vacuous.  The danger it poses is rule by the stupid and malevolent, and the end of rule by reasoned law.  In the discussion, it was noted that some of the protesters, such as Rush Limbaugh, are bringing up the idea of a civil war.  The scholars of politics and Constitutional law were quick to point out that a war against valid measures to protect the people from a lethal disease would be an insurrection and those advocating and participating in such a revolt fit the definitions of treason and terrorism.  But they were quick to note that the protesters seem too dumb to know that.

So, your protesting neighbors are resisting efforts to protect your well-being and your life.  They aren't trying to work out a way to fight the disease as well as protect livelihoods so that life may continue and go forward.  Who wants neighbors such as these?  And confronting their attitudes may determine the future of American life.

Monday, May 11, 2020

The omnipresence of malice

A trait that Donald Trump exhibits constantly is malice.  His press conferences, his rallies, and his tweets are nearly always expressions of malevolence.  It does not take a mental health authority to diagnose Trump as a malicious person.  He puts his malice out there for everyone to see with  every public appearance.  He is driven by it.  He tells reporters who ask questions he doesn't want to answer that they are disgraces.  He claims that every president who preceded him was inferior.  He is a constant dribble of malice toward others as he makes false aggrandizements for himself.

The ways and the purposes for which people use language reveal their essential character.  Language is a necessary part of the psychological processes.  Language development and personality development are reciprocal factors in the becoming process of a person.  Consequently, the way a person uses language is an indicator of character.  That's why people who did not vote for Trump cannot understand what motivates those who did.  His puerile name-calling, insults, and inane self-aggrandizement reveal a person possessed by malice toward everyone who does not grovel and fawn before his impulses.  He makes no effort to mask his malice, but puts it on full display.  The only explanation for those who approve and collaborate with his nefarious conduct is that he complements their states of mind.  They do not reject his insults, his  abuse of others, or his many documented lies because he enacts the ill will that is within them.

Those opponents who regard Trump as a political force hold great hope that his vileness and malice will be removed from the White House by the November election.  The problem is that the malignancy  which put Trump into office is not merely a political issue.   Sixty-three million people chose Trump as their leader, and even if Trump loses the election, the malignancy that possesses these people will remain as a force in the nation.  Their attraction to Trump is not a matter of political policy, but a deeper matter of the debased character and indecency they choose as their standard.  If America were the moral and intellectual light of the world that it has sometimes claimed to be, its effort to rid itself of Trump would be overwhelming.  But Trump's indisputable depravity is proclaimed as a national banner by his collaborators.  It is the object of their patriotism and the symbol of national character to which they aspire.  

Trump's tenure in office has defined a malignancy in the nation that does not offer a hopeful prognosis.  The onetime longshoreman who became a moral and social and  philosopher, Eric Hoffer, anticipated what the advent of Trump as president has meant:

No matter how noble the objectives of a government, if it blurs decency and kindness, cheapens human life, and breeds ill will and suspicion; it is an evil government.  
The United States is a government of the people.  And the covid-19 pandemic has exposed the evil.  Those who demonstrate against the efforts to control a destructive and lethal virus are, in fact, demonstrating the lack of decency, a disdain for human life, and are creating a justified ill will.  They have also demonstrated that the divide in the nation goes far deeper and far beyond anything that can be resolved in the voting booth.  The moral malignancy they spread is more virulent than the coronavirus.  Just as the people of Europe were forced to realize that a resistance of mere words was ineffective in counteracting the spread of nazism, we in America are being forced to contemplate what it will take to form a resistance to the malice of Trump and his collaborators.  

Friday, May 8, 2020

The nazis in the attic

A sign of the times is the emergence on the Internet of Godwin's Law.  Mike Godwin is the person who noted that "if an online discussion (regardless of topic or scope) goes on long enough, sooner or later someone will compare someone or something to Adolf Hitler or his deeds, the point at which effectively the discussion or thread often ends."  Some people have chosen to interpret that observation to mean that when a "Hitler comparison is made, the thread is finished and whoever made the comparison loses whatever debate is in progress."   That conclusion is an evasion of those nazi ideals that are, in fact, embraced by a large segment of American society.

In recent protests against the restrictions imposed to limit the illness and death of the covid-19 pandemic, the protestors have yelled that the leaders who have imposed the behavioral rules are nazis with gestapo tactics that are taking away their freedom.  The pandemic has uncovered a pernicious attitude among the people that demolishes the basic premise of our founding that "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."  Those who condemn the measures taken to eliminate the suffering and death caused by the coronavirus suggest that life and liberty are not for everyone. Former Governor Chris Christie of New Jersey said, "Of course, everybody wants to save every life they can — but the question is, towards what end, ultimately? Are there ways that we can... thread the middle (sic) here to allow that there are going to be deaths, and there are going to be deaths no matter what?"  In other words, what's the point of saving lives? Of holding all lives as equally valuable and worth saving?  And there is the mayor of Grants, NM, who said there was no sense shutting down the economy just because of a virus that, like the flu, needed to be left to “take its course.”   The loss of some lives is not worth the effort to prevent.

These statements ring with the attitudes that enabled the Holocaust.  And the Holocaust is the touchstone of our moral values.  It is the event against which we measure our moral purpose.  When we adopt those attitudes which undergirded the Holocaust, we have abandoned those moral values that we fought the nazis to defend.    The real lessons of the Holocaust have been forgotten.  Many Americans are too stupid to have learned those lessons or so possessed by fascist and racist ideologies that they believe in the nazi cause.

The Holocaust did not begin as an anti-semitic  pogrom to kill Jews, or kill gypsies, or others hated by the super race.  It began as program to kill the infirm, the crippled, the aged, the mentally challenged--those that Hitler termed "useless eaters" and "burdensome lives."  He established six killing centers for the purpose of ridding the country of those he regarded as economic impediments.  It was okay to kill if it keeps the economy running smoothly.  That is the attitude upon which the Holocaust was built.  Death is a solution.

And that belief is being loudly proclaimed by Trump collaborators as their way of addressing the pandemic.  Some repeat Trump's original claim that the pandemic is a hoax.  Some insist that the country be opened up despite the spread of the virus and consequent death.  One Trump collaborator said:  “Mother Nature has to clean the barn every so often.How real is it? Who knows? So what if 1 percent of the population goes? So what if you lose 400,000 people? 200,000 were elderly, the other 200,000 are the bottom of society. You got to clean out the barn. If it’s real, it’s a positive thing, for God’s sake.”

It sounds like Hitler is still invading.  And winning.

Thursday, April 30, 2020

Is there Covid-19 in your steak?

The largest and most frequent clusters of Covid-19 are occurring in meat processing plants.  Many have been closed, but a presidential order has been issued to keep them open.  The only factor offered so far as to why meat plants are such collectors and transmitters of the coronavirus is that the workers have to work in such close proximity to each other that the virus rapidly passes from one person to the other.  The question that occurs to most people but is seldom addressed in the press accounts is if the meat is involved in the propagation of the disease.

Back in 1906, a novel exposed the meat industry and produced some massive changes.  Upton Sinclair's The Jungle portrayed the horrible conditions under which immigrants were exploited in Chicago meat packing plants.  That was Sinclair's major concern in writing the book.  But he also described the unsanitary conditions and the tainted meat being produced.  Reader's were more affected by the depiction of contaminated meat than by the exploitive labor practices, so that the book's major consequence was the legislation that produced the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act.  It also brought about some labor reform in the industry, but working conditions did not improve significantly until workers organized and made them part of their union contracts with the meat packers.

The coronavirus pandemic has put societal focus on the meat packers again, and it appears that they have reverted to some of the conditions and practices that Sinclair had exposed.   The purity of the meat is not an issue in the current concerns, but the treatment of the workers is.  One worker said of his employers to USA Today,  Those people don’t care about us. If you die, they’ll just replace you tomorrow.”   But the question lingers if something as pervasive as Covid-19 that has shut down much of the world can infect the meat.

The Center for Disease Control claims, "Currently there is no evidence to support transmission of COVID-19 associated with food."

The Department of Agriculture, which is responsible for meat inspections, makes a similar claim:  "We are not aware of any reports at this time of human illnesses that suggest COVID-19 can be transmitted by food or food packaging."

Both agencies state that they have no evidence of food contamination at this time, but make no statements of whether they are intensifying their inspection efforts which might find some problems.  However, the purity of the meat is not as prominent an issue as the working conditions.  A number of states, with the backing of GOP leaders, have issued warnings to workers that if they do not return to work, their unemployment benefits will be canceled.  Trump has issued an executive order requiring that packing plants stay open, despite the fact that they are major hot spots for Covid-19 infections and worker deaths.  Worker unions agree with the worker quoted above that their well-being is not much of a consideration by Trump or their employers.

Workers are not valued.  The responsible agencies advise that they have no evidence at this time of coronavirus in the meat, but you should cook the hell out of it just in case.  But it does look as if the meat industry has returned to The Jungle.

[For a detailed perspective on the meat packing industry,  read the South Dakota News Watch.]

Saturday, April 18, 2020

Idiots 'R Us: the boogaloo

Protesters in Michigan peaceably gathering at the state capitol.  Note the sign whose maker does not seem to know how to spell the name of the governor they are protesting against, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer.
The political division in America has become a part of Covid-19 pandemic.  The major media have reported how
"the debate over how soon to loosen restrictions on businesses and workers has moved from the hands of health experts to become an increasingly political fight over costs to the economy, which Mr. Trump sees as crucial to his re-election."

Trump is, of course, tweeting at his followers to take action. His tweets are:
"LIBERATE VIRGINIA, and save your great 2nd Amendment. It is under siege!"

NBC news reports:

Trump's tweets, however, pushed many online extremist communities to speculate whether the president was advocating for armed conflict, an event they’ve termed "the boogaloo," for which many far-right activists have been gearing up and advocating since last year.
 If you aren't aware of the term "boogaloo":
"Boogaloo" is a term used by extremists to refer to armed insurrection, a shortened version of "Civil War 2: Electric Boogaloo," which was coined on the extremist message board 4chan.
 This raises the question of if things get a bit dicey in South Dakota, could Trump be charged under Gov. Noem's new law against riot boosting:

22-10-17. Incitement to riot--Violation as felony.Any person who, with the intent to cause a riot, commits an act or engages in conduct that urges three or more people, acting together and without authority of law, to use force or violence to cause any injury to any person or any damage to property, under circumstances in which the force or violence is imminent and the urging is likely to incite or produce the use of force or violence, incites riot. For the purposes of this chapter, urging includes instigating, inciting, or directing, but does not include the oral or written advocacy of ideas or expression of belief that does not urge the commission of an act or conduct of imminent force or violence. This section may not be construed to prevent the peaceable assembly of persons for lawful purposes of protest or petition. A violation of this section is a Class 5 felony.

2) "Incitement to riot," any person who, with the intent to cause a riot, commits an act or engages in conduct that urges three or more people, acting together and without authority of law, to use force or violence to cause any injury to any person or any damage to property, under circumstances in which the force or violence is imminent and the urging is likely to incite or produce the use of force or violence, incites riot. Urging includes instigating, inciting, or directing, but does not include the oral or written advocacy of ideas or expression of belief that does not urge the commission of an act or conduct of imminent force or violence;

When interviewed, Republican governors who want to reactivate their states cautiously so as not to trigger a resurgence of Covid-19 deny that Trump is inciting riots.  With the death toll of the virus victims reaching 5 percent (it's 7.5 percent in Michigan) the GOP governors see the restrictions against public gatherings as the only means to combat the disease as the only way to combat at this time.  But they will not say anything critical about Trump.  Rather they follow the example of Vice President Pence:

Sen. Tim Kaine (D-Va.) pressed Pence on Trump’s Twitter feed at the end of (a conference) call, asking why the president was trying to incite division by tweeting “LIBERATE” Virginia, Minnesota and Michigan and aligning himself with protests in those states over their lockdowns. Pence said the administration is working with governors but that the president will continue to communicate with the American people as he always has.
Democratic governors see Trump's tweets as a clear incitement:
Gov. Jay Inslee of Washington, who ran an unsuccessful bid for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination, said Mr. Trump’s tweets “encourage illegal and dangerous acts” and said the president was “putting millions of people in danger of contracting Covid-19.” Mr. Inslee added: “His unhinged rantings and calls for people to ‘liberate’ states could also lead to violence. We’ve seen it before."
When one looks at how the social restrictions are playing out in the rest of the world, violence is beginning to erupt.  In South Africa, it is reported that ".People have broken into tuck shops. They have attacked people. The simple reason is because they are hungry.”  [A tuck shop is a small, food-selling retailer,  a term principally used in the UK, Ireland, Grenada, South Africa, Nigeria, New Zealand, Jamaica, Australia, Pakistan, India, Canada, The Bahamas and  other parts of the former British Empire.]

In the meantime, some folks are parading with their assault weapons, ready for the boogaloo.  One blog commenter said let those who want free reign for Covid-19 gather together and breathe on each other to their heart's content.  Just warn the rest of us where they are at.  As for the boogaloo, it is quite possible.  A few years ago, a gun dealer noted that more than half of his sales  of assault-type rifles and tactical shotguns were to people who thought they might need to defend themselves against the right-wing extremists at some point.  Covid-19 seems to be pushing us to that point in places.

A retired historian I once worked with says the political division we are experiencing should not be defined as a division between Republicans and Democrats.  It is actually a division between those who are not burdened with intellects and those who are.  Those who are not so burdened are faced with the choice of death by Covid-19 or by firearms.   That's what the boogaloo is all about.

Friday, April 17, 2020

Can America be resurrected?

Donald Trump is not the cause of America's decline into a fascist state.  He is a symptom, the result of something that happened to the American people.  He is the means through which people who reject the notion "that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights" are dismantling the republic.  His tactics are in their extreme phase with the firing of seven inspectors general whose job it is to keep the federal government honest and fair.  After national attempts to increase voting participation by making the process more accessible and convenient, Trump and his minions have been systematically making it more difficult and out-of-reach for people who do not have the advantages of power and wealth.  

Trump was elected and works at the behest of people who hate and wish to destroy the basic premise on which America was designed to operate.  Inequality is now the ruling premise.  Trump has announced that he, not the the states, has the sole power to decide when the nation can open open up again after the mass quarantine.  The governors, and the U.S Constitution,  disagree, but his declaration is evidence of the totalitarian mindset with which he and his supporters try to govern.  While there is resistance to the efforts to curtail democracy, damage has been done.  That segment of the population that doesn't like democracy has made headway with Trump holding the presidency.  The electorate who believes in American democracy tends to forget that there is significant faction that does not.  

The news this past week has covered the social-distance provisions being put forward by governments throughout the nation.  The hard fact is that the only means we have at this time to control Covid-19 is limiting contact with fellow humans.  In order to have liberty and to pursue happiness, one has to have life.  Restrictions placed on human contacts are an effort to provide the right to life in the face of a virus that is lethal.  But the latest news casts show people protesting the restrictions on human gatherings to prevent the spread of the virus.  Those protesters seem oblivious to the fact that the preservation of life is at issue and that liberty and their pursuit of happiness is conditioned upon the right to life.  They openly disregard that there is virus killing people that we don't know much about as yet and they disrespect the measures to prevent people from being afflicted with the virus.  This is the mentality that  can't deal with the fact that more than 4,500 are dying from the virus each day, and the death toll is mounting every day.

The latest studies in tracing the course of the disease shows that people can carry and spread the virus days before they show symptoms of the disease, and to get a command over the disease will require extensive testing, tracing of points of viral exchange, and the development of medicines, including vaccines, to control the disease.  But until those measures are developed, people will have to stay away from each other.  Some people resent that they are being deprived of their liberty, but they have no respect or concerns for the lives being put at risk.

They taunt, "Don't you want the country opened up?"  No one wants the country closed down, but the question is do they want corpses left to rot in the streets, as has been experienced in Ecuador, or bodies stacked in closets, as happened in an American nursing home?    Trump's defenders display a dismissive attitude toward the lives of their fellow Americans.  Louisiana Senator John Kennedy said, "This isn’t a question of not valuing life. This is a question of making a hard decision with the cold, hard facts.”

Adolph Hitler faced those cold, hard facts in 1939.  Sen. Kennedy suggests the same conclusion.  Hitler regarded the "incurably ill, physically or mentally disabled, emotionally distraught, and elderly people" as having a “life unworthy of living.”  Kennedy seems to make the same dismissal.  Hitler's solution was to implement the T4 Euthanasia Program, the implementation of which led to the use of gas ovens and the mass extermination of six million Jews--the Holocaust.

 Declarations that some people are expendable are the foundations on which gas ovens are built.

When decisions are made by leaders that it is okay to sacrifice some people in order to open up the economy, the nation is following the precedent set by Hitler.  The question is if the nation even wants to reject that precedent. Or is even capable of doing so.

Thursday, April 9, 2020

Aberdeen newspaper boots production staff on the path to end

The Aberdeen newspaper is on  a track that presages its closure.  It announced that it will no longer print the paper at its Aberdeen plant and it will now be printed in Sioux Falls on the Argus Leader press.  The second graph of the story states how many employees are getting the boot.

Twenty-one positions will be eliminated at the American News. As a result of this transition, Sioux Falls will be adding production staff in the pressroom and in packaging, including press operators and packaging staff. Affected employees will be invited to apply.
What the story does not cover is the context of this move, which is the closure of major retailers in Aberdeen:  Sears, Kmart, Herberger's, Conlin's, Shopko.  One may assume that the termination of advertising revenues from those retailers plays a significant role in the decision to close down the local production operation of the newspaper.  Of course, the impact of the internet is also a factor.

The publisher gives the usual folderol about the newspaper maintaining its place in the community, and inviting the booted employees to apply for jobs in Sioux Falls, but says nothing about who is actually making the decisions.  In January 2019, the then-owner of the American News, Schurz  Communications, was purchased by Gatehouse Media, which is owned by the New Media Investment Group.  In November 2019, Gatehouse completed an acquisition and merger with the Gannett Company, which owns the Sioux Falls Argus Leader.  The new company chose to operate under the Gannett name.  

The firing of 21 production employees and shutting down its press is the elimination of an essential aspect of the newspaper business.  It leaves the editorial and advertising staffs, and with the recent elimination of so many retailers, there aren't many places left to sell advertising to.  The story of its down-sizing  did not indicate if the design and layout of the paper would be done by local staff.  With computers and the internet, those tasks could also be done in Sioux Falls.  But the down-sizing also has implications for the editorial staff.  It could be reduced to a news bureau, a few reporters covering county and city government and any breaking events, and a few more on school sports.  One managing editor, who does not have to deal with production matters, could coordinate those activities.  And the market area around Aberdeen shows no evidence of growth.  Since 1970, the population of Brown County decreased by one percent.

The publisher states:
We will do all we can to ensure a strong community, by telling your stories, giving voice and holding the powerful accountable. And we will continue to deliver the news and advertising solutions this region so deserves.
News business in Aberdeen has diminished over recent years.  The local press once consisted of news departments from a local television station, three radio stations, and the American News.  Other media have given Aberdeen the kind of attention they thought Aberdeen deserved:  nothing. The electronic media have eliminated their news departments.  The trend is clear.  If the newspaper is to be printed in Sioux Falls, why can't the editorial and advertising management be centered there?  

You  can be sure the bottom-line managers have thought of that.  And who but the newspaper they own is left to call them into account?   

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Aberdeen, South Dakota, United States